The constitution, and government policy and practice, strongly favours Islam and punishes criticism of Islam as well as criticism of the ruling family and system of government.
Under the Jordanian Penal Code (Article 273), anyone blaspheming the Prophets of Islam is liable for imprisonment of one to three years:
“Whoever summons the audacity to publicly speak out against the heads of religion — the Prophets — is imprisoned from 1 to 3 years.”
The Government also prohibits conversion from Islam and efforts to proselytize Muslims. The Jordanian Penal Code makes insulting Islam, the Prophet Mohammed, or any Muslim’s feelings, a crime punishable by up to three years in prison. Atheists must associate themselves with a recognized religion for purposes of official identification. Employment applications for government positions occasionally contain questions about an applicant’s religion.
There is no express statutory law against apostasy, however, it is reported that conversion trials amounting to apostasy can be triggered by “blasphemy”-like accusations:
“A person could also be subjected to accusations of apostasy with all its consequences for activities other than conversion. In one reported case from 2010, Jordanian poet Islam Samhan was accused of apostasy for poems he wrote.”