A woman is lynched on the streets of Kabul for supposedly “burning the Koran”. A man is sentenced to death for “reading incorrectly” in Pakistan. And Buddhist “blasphemy” charges sees three men jailed in Myanmar.
Meanwhile, a Russian “blasphemy” case is thrown out of court, only for the Ministry for Culture to announce an “audit” of the accused theatre company! And after two years there’s been some progress at last in the investigation into the murder of an atheist accused of “insulting Islam” in Bangladesh — But why is the march of justice so slow?
Our weekly round-up of “blasphemy” news, for the week ending Friday 20 March…
Afghanistan has seen an horrific mob “blasphemy” killing of a woman by a large crowd on the streets of Kabul (warning: even with partial pixelation, the video embedded at the link is upsetting).
The victim is kicked and hit with sticks and rocks, and then reportedly her body was burned before being dumped in the river.
Named as Farkhunda, the murdered woman was mentally ill, according to her family. Reportedly the mob violence began after someone accused her of burning a copy of Koran; this is a commonly cited spark for “blasphemy”-related mob violence, almost always in circumstances where a vulnerable victim is targeted by a crowd of men and not even any hint of verification for the claim is produced.
“Some men in the crowd can be heard shouting “Allahu Akbar” (“God is great”).
Interior Ministry spokesman Sediq Sediqqi said a probe into the “very unfortunate” event was under way.
He also said that four suspects had been arrested in connection with the attack.
The Reuters news agency quoted HRW’s Barr raising concerns as to whether enough had been done to stop the mob.
“I would certainly hope the government would be trying to arrest and prosecute everyone who was involved and doing an internal investigation into whether the police response was appropriate,” Barr said.”
In Pakistan today, one man, Liaquat Ali, has reportedly been sentenced to death for “blasphemy”, while a co-accused, Abdul Shakoor, was released “on the benefit of doubt”:
“Additional District and Sessions judge Lahore Naveed Iqbal handed down death sentence to Liaquat Ali after the prosecution produced evidence and witnesses against him.”
The charge relates to a claim that in 2012 he “read the kalma incorrectly”:
“Qari Shaukat, the complainant, said that he had woken up early in the morning to offer tahajjud prayers and heard Ali reading the kalma incorrectly on Abdul Shakoor’s instructions. Shaukat said that he had stopped them from doing so but they used abusive language.”
In Myanmar, two Myanma and one New Zealander have been convicted and sentenced to two years each for “blasphemy”, on charges relating to an advertisement for a night at their bar. The advert featured an image of a Buddha wearing headphones against a psychedlic background. Much mainstream coverage failed to show the offending image, which is reproduced here.
“Phillip Blackwood, 32, Tun Thurein, 40, and Htut Ko Ko Lwin, 26, were given two years for insulting religion and six months for disobeying an order from a public servant.
The trial of V Gastro Bar manager Phillip Blackwood, bar owner Tun Thurein and employee Htut Ko Ko Lwin came as the predominantly Buddhist nation grapples with a surge of religious nationalism, including violence against members of the minority Muslim community.
The three were arrested in December after the image was used on Facebook to promote the tapas bar and lounge, and sparked outrage on social media.
The online ad was removed and an apology was posted, but the three men were detained in Myanmar’s notorious Insein prison.”
At Religion News Service, Brian Pellot worries that it’s a bad sign in a deteriorating situation:
“Blackwood’s Facebook post was hardly original. In different contexts it may not have even raised eyebrows. But in Myanmar, with Buddhist nationalism on an epic upswing ahead of this year’s general election, it was deemed criminal.
The world has watched Myanmar’s recent political reforms with hope — hope that freedom of expression, democratic processes and religious tolerance would improve. Undeniable progress on some of these fronts has been tempered by crippling backslides.
Websites have been unblocked and newspapers can now print opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s face on the front page, but journalists are still being imprisoned for “upsetting the government” and killed in military custody.
Students are no longer dying by the thousands while protesting, as happened in 1988, but they are protesting and being forcibly dispersed and arrested in the process, feeling increasingly disillusioned and disenfranchised.”
An incredibly po-faced report from Gulf News in Bahrain, laments a “highly controversial incident that amounted to defaming Islam and insulting its rituals”, and for which a high school student and two teachers face investigation.
The offence in question? A singer a cellist set verses of the Koran to music.
“…the education ministry said that it launched a probe after a video clip showing a student singing verses from the Quran accompanied with music went viral on the net and shook the nation.
…On Wednesday, the Public Prosecution said it had ordered a student and his two music teachers to be held in custody pending further investigation.
The three suspects face charges of profaning Islam and disrespecting its rituals, the Northern Governorate Chief Prosecutor Adnan Fakhro said.
… The custody was decided following a probe into a video footage posted on social media websites and after an administrative investigation launched by the Education Ministry confirmed the incident, he said.
The Public Prosecution questioned the student and the two teachers who had trained him while school officials and the competition jury were also summoned for questioning.”
In case you hadn’t picked this up, yet—
“Islamic tradition and jurisprudence are very strict about using Quranic verses in a non-religious context.”
Indeed, Al Azhar’s High Authority for Islamic Studies stated only last December that:
“Recitation differs from singing and singing the Quran to a tune is forbidden… Adding a music tune makes the Quran comparable to songs and reduces the capacity of the readers and listeners to understand the true meaning of the verses.”
At the United Nations, after paying lip service to a report by the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief—which recommends abolishing all “blasphemy” laws—an official from Denmark nevertheless announced that the country would keep its “blasphemy” law, just in case!
It’s taken two years, but in Bangladesh a court finally indicted eight men on Wednesday, accused of killing or assisting in the murder of Ahmed Rajib Haider. Haider was an atheist blogger involved with the Shahbag protests and the Mukto-Mona freethought website, who was hacked to death in a machete attack in 2013.
The outrage was duplicated last month in a fatal attack on Avijit Roy, one of the founders of Mukto-Mona. Both Haider and Roy had been accused of “insulting Islam” and threatened over their writing, which criticises Islamism and Islamist political leaders and promotes freethought and secularism.
“”The progress of investigation is really very slow and I am concerned that the case may be buried without result, like many other cases related to such killings in Bangladesh,” said Ajoy Roy, Avijit’s father and also a secular writer and former professor at Dhaka University.
A senior police official denied the allegations and said the investigation was taking its own course.
Mohammad Masudur Rahman, deputy commissioner of Dhaka Metropolitan Police, said they were weighing information obtained from a prime suspect who had since been turned over to police custody.
“We have confirmed that this was an act of extreme militants in the name of religion,” Masudur told Reuters, but added: “It might take some time to draw a conclusion.” An FBI team is now in the capital Dhaka to assist with the Bangladeshi police investigation.
…The suspect, Farabi Shafiur Rahman, has denied killing Avijit Roy but has said he’s glad the blogger was attacked.”
The “blasphemy” case against a theatre director in Russia over his production of the opera Tannhauser, which we reported last week, has in fact collapsed. The accusation that the production, which updated the Wagnerian opera into a modern day setting, had “publicly desecrated the object of religious worship in Christianity – the image of Jesus Christ in the Gospels”, has been thrown out.
Kulyabin and theatre director Boris Mezdrich had been facing the prospect of a fine of up to 200,000 roubles ($3,165) or even a jail sentence had they been convicted.
But on March 10, Novosibirsk court dismissed the charges and said no crime had been committed. The news was welcomed by human rights campaigners who said the case had been a ‘court drama worthy of a theatre production itself’.
…Following news of the criminal proceedings the 30-year-old director, who won Russia’s prestigious Golden Mask award last year, said it was ‘absurd’.
He added: ‘I just have a sense of deep incomprehension.’
However, this may not be the end of the story, because on Wednesday the national government decided it would just have to get involved:
Russia’s Culture Ministry announced plans Wednesday to launch a probe into a beleaguered Novosibirsk production of Richard Wagner’s “Tannhäuser,” which has provoked the ire of certain powerful members of the Russian Orthodox Christian community.
… “We are not encroaching on the freedom of creativity; we certainly believe in the most daring possible interpretations of theatrical classics and experimental scenes,” the Culture Ministry said in a statement. “However, the [theater] should not only warn their viewers about unusual treatments of classic works. They should also try to explain the authors’ concept and what will occur during the production so as to show respect for all types of audience members.”
Citing what it said was a large number of inquiries about the amount of funding Kulyabin’s rendition of “Tannhäuser” had received and the wages earned by its director and actors, the ministry said it would audit the theater’s financial and economic activities…
…because that’s relevant!
The cartoonist Lars Vilks, targeted in the recent attacks in Copenhagen, Denmark, has been awarded for his courage at a secure event held in the Danish parliament, hosted by the Danish Free Press Society.
Receiving the prize, Mr Vilks said he had not aimed to become a symbol of freedom of speech.
“I am an artist and my artwork is probably difficult to understand. Many have tried to understand what that dog is about. But I don’t even understand it myself.
“Some believe that it is a form of blasphemy, but I say that it is what art is all about. I show my things to the world and then the world must interpret it.”
The armed security around the prize-giving – as well as its location in parliament – shows how much Denmark has changed since the February attack, says the BBC’s Malcolm Brabant in Copenhagen.
Our correspondent says the show of force is something of a culture shock for what has been a peaceful and relatively secure country.
Pakistan’s new Consul General wants to project a more positive image of the country, which is fair enough, that’s probably his job. And no country should be reduced to its problems. However, it’s troubling that Dr. Muhammad Tariq achieves this “positive image” by whitewashing extremists, playing down recent child massacres, and making excuses for human rights violations—both within the law and outside the law—that are associated with “blasphemy” accusations:
“We have many people from different communities: Christian, Hindu, Sikh and others. The constitution of Pakistan provides full liberty to the minorities to practice their religion. With regards to the minority issue which has reached the headlines, I must say that it is not specific to Pakistan. No country has a perfect human right record. There are some issues like blasphemy laws in Pakistan making international headlines. The blasphemy laws exist in many countries. [etc etc etc]”
Of course, not every official is so narrow in their vision, with some recognising clearly how oppressed religious minorities can be in Pakistan.
Despite Tariq’s optimistic gloss on intercommunal relations, within days of this interview, on Sunday 15th, Taliban suicide bombers detonated multiple bombs targeting the Christian community in eastern Pakistan, killing at least 14 and wounding many more.
“The reinstatement for all capital offenses means people found guilty of crimes including adultery, apostasy, and blasphemy could face death once they run out of appeals. This is especially concerning for Christians and religious minorities in the Islamic country due to inequalities in the justice system and blasphemy laws.
Kristin Wright, advocacy director for Open Doors USA, called Pakistan’s justice system “flawed” and noted unfair trials are common.
… Wright said reinstating the death penalty was “deeply concerning” because it “will put a lot of Christians at risk,” mainly because they are so marginalized in society. Pakistan is a difficult place for Christians, ranking eighth on Open Doors’ World Watch List. Over the weekend, a suicide bomber attacked two churches in Lahore, leaving at least 14 dead.
Blasphemy accusations can include anything said or done against Muhammad or even something that insulted a Muslim. But the law often is abused and used to take revenge on others. False accusations are common, Wright said.”
Also, a court has ordered the Home Secretary to intervene and makes arrests in a case against Jang/Geo media group owner, Mir Shakil, the actress Veena Malik and several other accused Jang/Geo representatives, for committing blasphemy of “Ahle Bait” (the close family or descendants of Muhammed).
Finally, it has been reported that on the request of the government, social media giant Facebook censored 54 posts for ‘blasphemy’ in Pakistan, in the second half of 2014.
“In its latest bi-annual transparency report on requests made by governments to the social networking site released on Monday, Facebook said that it had received requests for blocking content from Pakistan’s National Response Centre for Cyber Crimes under local laws prohibiting blasphemy.
This, however, was down from the massive 1,773 pieces of content blocked in Pakistan by the social networking site in the first half of 2014 following requests made by the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority and the Ministry of Information Technology to block content for blasphemy and criticism of the state.
Between July-December in 2013, Facebook had blocked 163 pieces of content to users accessing from Pakistan.”